Diamonds are considered to be one of the most romantic stones, because of their magnificent sparkle, and their enduring beauty.
Natural diamonds are formed as crystals of pure carbon over millions of years. They are created deep below the earth’s crust where extreme high pressure and raging temperatures create a subterranean inferno. Over time, rough diamonds are brought to the surface by tectonic activity or volcanic action. They are mined, polished and finally displayed as objects of beauty.
The word diamond comes from the ancient Greek adamas, which means invincible, and these sparkling rocks are the hardest natural substance known to man. Their use in jewellery dates back to ancient India and in the 13th century, Louis IX of France was so taken with them that he decreed all diamonds should be solely reserved for the king.
Near-indestructibility is just one of the special characteristics that makes a diamond so alluring. The way light is reflected and refracted creates dazzling spectral colours, known as fire, and sparkle, known as brilliance.
White diamonds are the most popular and the most prevalent in jewellery, but some highly desirable stones are coloured pink, blue, yellow or even black, with their own distinctive quality.
Four characteristics, known in the trade as the four Cs, are seen as the most important attributes for anyone looking to buy a diamond: they are diamond clarity, cut, and carat – none of which diminish in value over time.
This guide should help you understand each of these characteristics and give you all the information you need to find the perfect diamond. If you require any further assistance, don't hesitate to call us on our free phone number 0800 043 3573.